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Soft Power in Turkish Foreign Policy: New Instruments and Challenges 27 mai 2013

Posted by Acturca in Middle East / Moyen Orient, Turkey / Turquie, Turkey-EU / Turquie-UE.
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Euxeinos (GCE-HSG) 10/2013, pp. 7-15
Issue: Strategic Depth through Soft Power: The Domestic Production and International Projection of Turkish Culture

by Selcen Öner *

During the Cold War era and in the 1990s as well, Turkey was considered mostly as a “hard power” because of the high influence of its military in politics and deficiencies in its democracy and human rights. In the first decade of the 21st century several internal and external developments have positively contributed to Turkey’s “soft power”. Turkey as a secular, democratic state with a predominantly Muslim population has had a rising influence in the region after September 11. Especially after the a rab Spring there have been discussions on whether Turkey’s political and socio-economic transformation could provide an example especially for the opposition forces in the Arab world (Benli Altunışık, 2011, p.1).

This article discusses the domestic and external factors which positively influence the “soft power” of Turkey in the first decade of the 21st century. The place and role of soft power in Turkish foreign policy is analysed and a series of new soft power instruments which have been introduced by Turkey are evaluated. Lastly the challenges to Turkey’s soft power are discussed

* Dr. Selcen Öner is currently working as Assist. Prof. Dr. at Bahçeşehir University at the Department of EU Studies.

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